Independent Voter Project

Primary Map




There are numerous variations of primary election rules which govern voter access. Because there are no unified standards, election law experts themselves often use conflicting terminology to describe the nature of certain primary elections. Below, we have listed the general categories of primaries with short descriptions of the labels we have selected to describe each system as they relate to a voter’s right to participate.

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Partisan Primaries :

Primaries that serve the private purpose of selecting a nominee to represent a political party on the general election ballot. In a partisan primary, voters and candidates participate using different ballots for each party, subject to the access requirements generalized below:

  • Closed primary: A voter cannot participate in the nomination of party candidates unless they are registered members of that party.
  • Semi-closed: A partisan primary system in which a political party has the option, but not obligation, to allow or disallow unaffiliated voters to participate.
  • Semi-open primary: A partisan primary system in which a political party must allow unaffiliated voters to participate.
  • Open [partisan] primary: A partisan primary system in which a voter, regardless of his or her party affiliation, can choose to participate in the party primary of their choice.

Nonpartisan Primaries :

Primaries that serve the public purpose of narrowing the candidate field for the general election ballot. In a nonpartisan primary, all voters and candidates participate on the same ballot regardless of party affiliation. All nonpartisan primaries are “open” because no voter is excluded on the basis of their party affiliation.

  • Top-Two primary: In a top-two primary, all candidates and voters participate on the same ballot and the top-two vote getters, regardless of party affiliation, advance to the general election.
  • Jungle Primary: Often confused with a “top-two” primary, a jungle primary is not actually a primary election. In fact, a jungle “primary” occurs on the same day as the general election, and if a candidate receives 50%+1 or more of the vote, the election is over and that candidate is elected. Only if no candidate gets more than 50%+1 of the vote do the top-two candidates then participate in a head-to-head runoff election.

Alabama

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State: Open 
  • Presidential: Open 

Election Litigation

None currently underway.

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

Let Bama Vote

Party Registration Statistics

Voters do not register with a political party.

Major Parties

Democratic, Republican

Related IVN News

Alabama Court: Candidates Can’t Change Parties

Alaska

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State: Semi-closed
  • Presidential: Semi-closed

Election Litigation

None currently underway.

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

None Found.

Party Registration Statistics

  • Total Registered Voters: 521,655
  • Democrats: 76,319 (14.63%)
  • Republicans: 141,490 (27.12%)
  • Unaffiliated: 225,939 (43.31%)
  • Third Party/Other: 77,907 (14.93%)

Major Parties

Democratic, Independence, Libertarian, Republican

Related IVN News

Bill Walker’s Independent Ticket Wins Alaska Governor’s Race

Arizona

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State: Open
  • Presidential: Closed

Election Litigation

None currently underway.

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

Independent Redistricting Commission
Arizona Advocacy Network

Party Registration Statistics

  • Total Registered Voters: 3,650,673
  • Democrats: 1,104,927 (30.27%)
  • Republicans: 1,264,154 (34.63%)
  • Unaffiliated: 1,242,532 (34.04%)
  • Third Party/Other: 39,060 (1.07%)

Major Parties

Democratic, Green, Libertarian, Republican

Related IVN News

Arizona Legislature Passes Bill to Require Party Loyalty

Arkansas

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State: Open 
  • Presidential: Open 

Election Litigation

None currently underway.

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

Arkansas Neighbors Project

Party Registration Statistics

Registering with a party is optional.

Major Parties

Constitution, Democratic, Green, Libertarian Republican

Related IVN News

Arkansas Bill Targets More Than Just Sharia Law

California

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State: Nonpartisan Top-Two
  • Presidential: Semi-closed

Election Litigation

None currently underway.

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

Independent Voter Project
Californians for Election Reform

Party Registration Statistics

  • Total Registered Voters: 19,432,609
  • Democrats: 8,700,440 (44.77%)
  • Republicans: 5,027,714 (25.87%)
  • Unaffiliated: 4,762,212 (24.51%)
  • Third Party/Other: 942,243 (4.85%)

Major Parties

Democratic, Green, Independent, Libertarian, Peace & Freedom, Republican

Related IVN News

Independent Voter Project’s Top-Two Nonpartisan Primary Still Shaking Up California Politics

Colorado

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State: Open
  • Presidential: Open 

Election Litigation

Baca & Nemanich v Williams – Electoral College members file voter intimidation lawsuit against Colorado Secretary of State claiming they were coerced into voting for Hillary Clinton.

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

Let Colorado Vote
CO Ethics Watch

Party Registration Statistics

  • Total Registered Voters: 3,714,815
  • Democrats: 1,142,814 (30.76%)
  • Republicans: 1,129,120 (30.40%)
  • Unaffiliated: 1,371,846 (36.93%)
  • Third Party/Other: 71,035 (1.91%)

Major Parties

Democratic, Republican

Related IVN News

Colorado One Step Closer to Implementing Open Primaries

Connecticut

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State: Closed
  • Presidential: Closed

Election Litigation

None currently underway.

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

Connecticut Voters Count

Party Registration Statistics

  • Total Registered Voters: 2,357,733
  • Democrats: 869,841 (36.89%)
  • Republicans: 492,224 (20.88%)
  • Unaffiliated: 966,036 (40.97%)
  • Third Party/Other: 29,632 (1.26%)

Major Parties

Democratic, Republican

Related IVN News

Nine States Introduce Ranked Choice Voting in January

Delaware

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State: Closed
  • Presidential: Closed

Election Litigation

None currently underway.

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

None found.

Party Registration Statistics

  • Total Registered Voters: 684,009
  • Democrats: 323,218 (47.25%)
  • Republicans: 191,400 (27.98%)
  • Unaffiliated: 156,913 (22.94%)
  • Third Party/Other: 12,478 (1.82%)

Major Parties

Democratic, Republican

Related IVN News

None found.

District of Colombia

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State: Semi-Closed
  • Presidential: Semi-Closed

Election Litigation

None currently underway.

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

None found.

Party Registration Statistics

  • Total Registered Voters: 472,702
  • Democrats: 359,702 (76.09%)
  • Green Party: 3,591 (.76%)
  • Republicans: 29,246 (6.19%)
  • Unaffiliated: 77,730 (16.44%)
  • Third Party/Other: 1,445 (.31%)

Major Parties

Green, Democratic, Libertarian, Republican

Related IVN News

None found.

 

Florida

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State: Closed
  • Presidential: Closed

Election Litigation

None currently underway.

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

Florida Initiative for Electoral Reform
Florida Fair Elections Coalition
Florida Fair and Open Primaries

Party Registration Statistics

  • Total Registered Voters: 12,845,086
  • Democrats: 4,823,263 (37.55%)
  • Republicans: 4,547,933 (35.41%)
  • Unaffiliated: 3,420,210 (26.63%)
  • Third Party/Other: 53,680 (0.42%)

Major Parties

Democratic, Republican

Related IVN News

In Historic Ruling, Federal Judge Strikes Down Prison Gerrymandering in Florida

Georgia

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State: Open 
  • Presidential: Open 

Election Litigation

None currently underway.

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

VoterGA

Party Registration Statistics

Voters do not register with a political party.

Major Parties

Democratic, Republican

Related IVN News

Georgia's costly low turnout runoffs

Hawaii

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State: Open
  • Presidential: Semi-closed

Election Litigation

The Supreme Court rejected an attempt by the Democratic party to close their currently open primaries.

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

None found.

Party Registration Statistics

Voters do not register with a political party.

Major Parties

None found.

Related IVN News

SCOTUS Rejects Major Party Challenges to Open Primaries

Idaho

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State: Semi-closed
  • Presidential: Semi-closed

Election Litigation

None currently underway.

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

None found.

Party Registration Statistics

  • Total Registered Voters: 798,465
  • Democrats: 87,896 (11.01%)
  • Republicans: 397,263 (49.75%)
  • Unaffiliated: 304,026 (38.08%)
  • Third Party/Other: 9,280 (1.16%)

Major Parties

Democratic, Republican

Related IVN News

Top-Two Primary Bills Hit State Legislatures Nationwide

Illinois

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State: Open
  • Presidential - Open

Election Litigation

None currently underway.

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

Illinois Ballot Integrity Project
The Illinois Campaign for Political Reform

Party Registration Statistics

Voters do not register with a political party.

Major Parties

Democratic, Republican

Related IVN News

Another Top-Two Bill Advances in Illinois

Indiana

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State Primaries: Open
  • Presidential: Open

Election Litigation

None currently underway.

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

None found.

Party Registration Statistics

Voters do not register with a political party.

Major Parties

Democratic, Republican

Related IVN News

Seventh Circuit Strikes Down Partisan Judicial Elections in Indiana

Iowa

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State Primaries: Open 
  • Presidential - Open

Election Litigation

None currently underway.

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

None found.

Party Registration Statistics

  • Total Registered Voters: 2,120,925
  • Democrats: 649,100 (30.60%)
  • Republicans: 684,465 (32.27%)
  • Unaffiliated: 773,947 (36.49%)
  • Third Party/Other: 13,413 (0.63%)

Major Parties

Democratic, Libertarian, Republican

Related IVN News

Iowa Libertarian Party to have Major Party Status in Iowa

Kansas

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State: Closed
  • Presidential - Caucus: Closed

Election Litigation

None currently underway.

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

Kansas Federal Election Reform Advisory Council
The League of Women Voters

Party Registration Statistics

  • Total Registered Voters: 426,619
  • Democrats: 95,788 (22.45%)
  • Republicans: 186,850 (43.80%)
  • Unaffiliated: 140,376 (32.90%)
  • Third Party/Other: 3,605 (0.85%)

Major Parties

Democratic, Libertarian, Republican

Related IVN News

Kansas Should Become a Model for the Independent Movement

Kentucky

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State: Closed
  • Presidential: Closed

Election Litigation

None currently underway.

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

Kentuckians for the Commonwealth
Kentucky People's Alliance

Party Registration Statistics

  • Total Registered Voters: 3,332,141
  • Democrats: 1,680,192 (50.42%)
  • Republicans: 1,368,271 (41.06%)
  • Unaffiliated: 183,197 (5.50%)
  • Third Party/Other: 100,481 (3.02%)

Major Parties

Democratic, Independent, Republican

Related IVN News

Kentucky's Peoples Alliance: Time for Voters to Reclaim Power Hoarded by Parties

 

Louisiana

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State: Jungle Primary
  • Presidential: Closed

Election Litigation

None currently underway.

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

None found.

Party Registration Statistics

  • Total Registered Voters: 2,974,014
  • Democrats: 1,308,313 (43.99%)
  • Republicans: 896,043 (30.13%)
  • Unaffiliated: info not available
  • Third Party/Other: 769,658 (5.88%)

Major Parties

Democratic, Republican

Related IVN News

Louisiana is a Model for Gerrymandering and Partisan Politics

Maine

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State Primaries: Closed
  • Presidential Caucuses: Closed

Election Litigation

Maine High Court Asked to Weigh in on Constitutionality of Ranked Choice Voting

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

The Committee for Ranked Choice Voting

Party Registration Statistics

  • Total Registered Voters: 79,340
  • Democrats: 25,483 (32.12%)
  • Republicans: 19,192 (24.19%)
  • Unaffiliated: 29,511 (37.20%)
  • Third Party/Other: 5,154 (6.50%)

Major Parties

Democratic, Green, Republican

Related IVN News

Testimony: Maine Voters Deserve Open Elections, More Choice

Maryland

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State: Closed
  • Presidential - Caucus: Closed

Election Litigation

Benisek v Lamone - Challenging the congressional redistricting plan enacted by the Maryland General Assembly following the 2010 Census.

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

Common Cause Maryland

Party Registration Statistics

  • Total Registered Voters: 3,900,090
  • Democrats: 2,150,795 (55.15%)
  • Republicans: 1,014,307 (26.01%)
  • Unaffiliated: 674,825 (17.30%)
  • Third Party/Other: 60,163 (1.54%)

Major Parties

Democratic, Green, Libertarian, Republican

Related IVN News

Maryland State Senator Proposes Independent, Multi-member Congressional Districts

Judge: Partisan Gerrymandering a Cancer on our Democracy

Massachusetts

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State: Closed
  • Presidential - Caucus: Closed

Election Litigation

None currently underway.

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

None found.

Party Registration Statistics

  • Total Registered Voters: 4,486,849
  • Democrats: 1,526,870 (34.03%)
  • Republicans: 479,237 (10.68%)
  • Unaffiliated: 2,424,979 (54.05%)
  • Third Party/Other: 55,763 (1.24%)

Major Parties

Democratic, Libertarian, Republican

Related IVN News

Massachusetts' Attack on Independent Voters

Michigan

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State Primaries: Open
  • Presidential: Open

Election Litigation

Status: Litigation pending. The ACLU filed a challenge on Nov. 2 to Massachusetts’s law that requires voters to register 20 days before an election.

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

Michigan Election Reform Alliance

Party Registration Statistics

Voters do not register with a political party.

Major Parties

Democratic, Green, Libertarian, Natural Law, Republican, U.S. Taxpayer’s

Related IVN News

None found.

Minnesota

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State Primaries: Open
  • Presidential: Open

Election Litigation

None currently underway.

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

The Citizen’s League

Party Registration Statistics

Voters do not register with a political party.

Major Parties

Democratic, Democratic Farmer-Labor Party, Republican

Related IVN News

Independent Parties in Oregon, Minnesota Announce Presidential Pact

Mississippi

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State Primaries: Open
  • Presidential: Open

Election Litigation

None currently underway.

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

None found.

Party Registration Statistics

Voters do not register with a political party.

Major Parties

Democratic, Republican

Related IVN News

Mississippi Sec. of State Says Government Shouldn’t Run Party Primaries

Missouri

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State Primaries: Open
  • Presidential: Open

Election Litigation

None currently underway.

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

Missouri Fair and Open Elections

Party Registration Statistics

Voters do not register with a political party.

Major Parties

Constitution, Democratic, Green, Libertarian, Republican

Related IVN News

Regardless of Party Affiliation, Missouri Voters Hunger for Independent Candidates

Montana

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State Primaries: Open
  • Presidential: Open

Election Litigation

Constitution, Libertarian, Republican

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

Forward Montana

Party Registration Statistics

Voters do not register with a political party.

Major Parties

Constitution, Libertarian, Republican

Related IVN News

Montana GOP Drops Out of Lawsuit to Close Primary Elections

Nebraska

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State Primaries: Semi-closed
  • Presidential: Closed

Election Litigation

None currently underway.

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

Nebraska for Civic Reform

Party Registration Statistics

  • Total Registered Voters: 3,714,815
  • Democrats: 1,142,814 (30.76%)
  • Republicans: 1,129,120 (30.40%)
  • Unaffiliated: 1,341,846 (36.12%)
  • Third Party/Other: 101,035 (2.72%)

Major Parties

Constitution, Libertarian, Republican

Related IVN News

Win or Lose, Independent Jim Jenkins Will Shake Up Nebraska Politics

Nevada

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State Primaries: Closed
  • Presidential: Closed

Election Litigation

None currently underway.

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

Nevadans for Election Reform

Party Registration Statistics

  • Total Registered Voters: 1,632,310
  • Democrats: 636,935 (39.02%)
  • Republicans: 534,114 (32.72%)
  • Unaffiliated: 352,445 (21.59%)
  • Third Party/Other: 108,816 (6.67%)

Major Parties

Democratic, Republican

Related IVN News

Nevada Needs Top-Two Nonpartisan Election Reform Nevada Voter Suppression: Democrats Blocking Independent Voter Access

New Hampshire

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State Primaries: Closed
  • Presidential: Closed

Election Litigation

None currently underway.

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

NHRebellion

Party Registration Statistics

  • Total Registered Voters: 984,920
  • Democrats: 276,817 (28.11%)
  • Republicans: 303,328 (30.80%)
  • Unaffiliated: 404,717 (41.09%)
  • Third Party/Other: 58 (0.01%)

Major Parties

Democratic, Republican

Related IVN News

The Last New England State Just Decriminalized Marijuana

New Jersey

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State Primaries: Closed
  • Presidential: Closed

Election Litigation

None currently underway.

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

NJ Appleseed

Party Registration Statistics

  • Total Registered Voters: 5,685,780
  • Democrats: 2,048,311 (36.03%)
  • Republicans: 1,209,127 (21.27%)
  • Unaffiliated: 2,404,244 (42.29%)
  • Third Party/Other: 24,098 (0.42%)

Major Parties

Conservative, Constitution, Democratic, Green, Libertarian, Natural Law, Reform Party, Republican, Socialist

Related IVN News

WATCH: New Jersey Voters Are Fed Up with Closed Primaries

New Mexico

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State Primaries: Closed
  • Presidential: Closed

Election Litigation

None currently underway.

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

New Mexico Open Primaries

Party Registration Statistics

  • Total Registered Voters: 1,296,375
  • Democrats: 600,251 (46.30%)
  • Republicans: 402,469 (31.05%)
  • Unaffiliated: 243,583 (18.79%)
  • Third Party/Other: 50,072 (3.86%)

Major Parties

Democratic, Republican

Related IVN News

Upcoming Lawsuit: New Mexico Closed Primaries Violate State Constitution

New York

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State Primaries: Closed
  • Presidential: Closed

Election Litigation

None currently underway.

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

Fair Elections for NY Citizens Union

Party Registration Statistics

  • Total Registered Voters: 12,376,815
  • Democrats: 6,218,468 (50.24%)
  • Republicans: 2,843,720 (22.98%)
  • Unaffiliated: 2,594,472 (20.96%)
  • Third Party/Other: 720,155 (5.82%)

Major Parties

Democratic, Republican

Related IVN News

New York “Can’t” Vote Act: Unless You Join a Party

North Carolina

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State Primaries: Open
  • Presidential: Open

Election Litigation

None currently underway.

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

Free the Vote NC
Democracy NC

Party Registration Statistics

  • Total Registered Voters: 6,793,483
  • Democrats: 2,641,519 (38.88%)
  • Republicans: 2,056,883 (30.28%)
  • Unaffiliated: 2,061,519 (30.35%)
  • Third Party/Other: 33,562 (0.49%)

Major Parties

Democratic, Libertarian, Republican

Related IVN News

A Governor’s Veto May Not Protect an Independent Judiciary in North Carolina

North Dakota

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State Primaries: Open
  • Presidential: Open

Election Litigation

None currently underway.

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

None found

Party Registration Statistics

Voters do not register with a political party.

Major Parties

Democratic, Republican, Libertarian

Related IVN News

Will Fargo Be the First in the Nation to Adopt Approval Voting?

Ohio

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State Primaries: Open
  • Presidential: Open

Election Litigation

None currently underway.

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

Ohio Voter Integrity Project

Party Registration Statistics

Voters do not register with a political party.

Major Parties

Democratic, Republican

Related IVN News

New Lawsuit Claims Ohios Is Illegally Removing Voters from Rolls

Oklahoma

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State Primaries: Semi-closed
  • Presidential: Semi-closed

Election Litigation

None currently underway.

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

OK Voter Choice

Party Registration Statistics

  • Total Registered Voters: 2,161,881
  • Democrats: 852,447 (39.43%)
  • Republicans: 989,358 (45.76%)
  • Unaffiliated: 316,109 (14.62%)
  • Third Party/Other: 3,967 (0.18%)

Major Parties

Democratic, Libertarian, Republican

Related IVN News

Libertarian Party Obtains Ballot Access in Oklahoma for First Time in 16 Years

Oregon

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State Primaries: Closed
  • Presidential: Closed

Election Litigation

None currently underway.

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

A Voice for All Portland

Party Registration Statistics

  • Total Registered Voters: 2,626,860
  • Democrats: 963,227 (36.67%)
  • Republicans: 702,322 (26.74%)
  • Unaffiliated: 777,370 (29.59%)
  • Third Party/Other: 183,941 (7.00%)

Major Parties

Democratic, Libertarian, Republican

Related IVN News

Under People’s Primary, Independent Voters Get a Candidate in November Too

Pennsylvania

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State Primaries: Closed
  • Presidential: Closed

Election Litigation

League of Women Voters Pennsylvania et al. v. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania - Lawsuit claiming Pennsylvania's districts as drawn violate the constitution’s prohibition of partisan gerrymandering

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

PA Independents
Fair Districts PA
Pennsylvanians for Fair Elections

Party Registration Statistics

  • Total Registered Voters: 8,419,253
  • Democrats: 4,027,583 (47.84%)
  • Republicans: 3,220,635 (38.25%)
  • Unaffiliated: 721,089 (8.56%)
  • Third Party/Other: 449,946 (5.34%)

Major Parties

Democratic, Republican

Related IVN News

Coalition Sues Pennsylvania over Partisan Gerrymandering

Rhode Island

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State Primaries: Closed
  • Presidential: Closed

Election Litigation

None currently underway.

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

Common Cause RI

Party Registration Statistics

  • Total Registered Voters: 770,875
  • Democrats: 314,554 (40.80%)
  • Republicans: 90,970 (38.2511.80%)
  • Unaffiliated: 362,715 (47.05%)
  • Third Party/Other: 2,636 (0.34%)

Major Parties

Democratic, Republican

Related IVN News

Over a Million Voters Denied Meaningful Say in Tuesday’s Elections

South Carolina

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State Primaries: Closed
  • Presidential: Closed

Election Litigation

None currently underway.

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

None found.

Party Registration Statistics

Voters do not affiliate with a political party.

Major Parties

American, Constitution, Democratic, Green, Independence, Labor, Libertarian, Republican, United Citizens, Working Families

Related IVN News

In South Carolina, Some Parties Are More Equal Than Others

South Dakota

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State Primaries: Closed
  • Presidential: Closed

Election Litigation

None currently underway.

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

Take It Back

Party Registration Statistics

  • Total Registered Voters: 537,475
  • Democrats: 163,830 (30.48%)
  • Republicans: 249,085 (46.34%)
  • Unaffiliated: 121,641 (22.63%)
  • Third Party/Other: 2,919 (0.54%)

Major Parties

Constitution, Democratic, Libertarian, Republican

Related IVN News

South Dakota Governor Signs Repeal of Anti-Corruption Act

Tennesse

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State Primaries: Open
  • Presidential: Open

Election Litigation

None currently underway.

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

Take It Back

Party Registration Statistics

Voters do not register with a political party.

Major Parties

Democratic, Republican

Related IVN News

Third Parties Ramp Up Fight Against Tenn. Ballot Access Barriers Ruled Unconstitutional

Texas

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State Primaries: Open
  • Presidential: Open

Election Litigation

None currently underway.

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

Independent Texans
Clean Elections Texas
Texans for Voter Choice

Party Registration Statistics

Voters do not register with a political party

Major Parties

Democratic, Republican

Related IVN News

Texas, Arizona Take Vastly Different Approaches with Voter Fraud

Utah

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State Primaries: Semi-closed
  • Presidential: Semi-closed

Election Litigation

None currently underway.

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

None found.

Party Registration Statistics

  • Total Registered Voters: 1,540,066
  • Democrats: 177,097 (11.50%)
  • Republicans: 716,234 (46.51%)
  • Unaffiliated: 601,097 (39.03%)
  • Third Party/Other: 45,638 (2.96%)

Major Parties

Constitution, Democratic, Independent American, Libertarian, and Republican

Related IVN News

Ranked Choice Voting Gets Bipartisan Support in Utah

Vermont

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State Primaries: Open
  • Presidential: Open

Election Litigation

None currently underway.

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

None found.

Party Registration Statistics

Voters do not register with a political party.

Major Parties

Democratic, Progressive, Republican

Related IVN News

Ranked Choice Voting Gets Bipartisan Support in Utah

Virginia

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State Primaries: Open
  • Presidential: Open

Election Litigation

None currently underway.

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

One Virginia 2021

Party Registration Statistics

Voters do not register with a political party.

Major Parties

Democratic, Republican

Related IVN News

Virginia Politicians Trying to Close Primary Elections, Deny Independent Voting Rights

Washington

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State: Nonpartisan Top-Two
  • Presidential: Semi-closed

Election Litigation

None currently underway.

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

Washington Voting Rights

Party Registration Statistics

Voters do not register with a political party.

Major Parties

Washington does not have major party status.

Related IVN News

Virginia Politicians Trying to Close Primary Elections, Deny Independent Voting Rights

West Virginia

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State Primaries: Open
  • Presidential: Open

Election Litigation

None currently underway.

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

West Virginia Citizen’s Action Group

Party Registration Statistics

  • Total Registered Voters: 1,225,653
  • Democrats: 536,298 (43.76%)
  • Republicans: 389,647 (31.79%)
  • Unaffiliated: 259,357 (21.16%)
  • Third Party/Other: 40,351 (3.29%)

Major Parties

Democratic, Republican

Related IVN News

None found.

Wisconsin

Primary Type

  • Congressional and State: Open
  • Presidential: Open

Election Litigation

Gill v. Whitford - Partisan gerrymandering case awaiting oral argument before SCOTUS

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

Common Cause Wisconsin

Party Registration Statistics

Voters do not register with a political party.

Major Parties

Democratic, Republican

Related IVN News

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Wyoming

Primary Type

  • Congressional/State Primaries: Open
  • Presidential: Open

Election Litigation

None currently underway.

Independent & Electoral Reform Organizations

None found.

Party Registration Statistics

  • Total Registered Voters: 262,678
  • Democrats: 47,084 (17.92%)
  • Republicans: 176,184 (67.07%)
  • Unaffiliated: 36,084 (13.74%)
  • Third Party/Other: 3,326 (1.27%)

Major Parties

Democratic, Republican

Related IVN News

None found.

Special thank you to FairVote, Open Primaries, and Ballotpedia.